Volume 43, Issue 5 p. 897-906

Long-term development of Heterobasidion annosum in basidiospore-infected Sitka spruce stumps

D. J. MORRISON

D. J. MORRISON

Forestry Canada, Pacific Forestry Centre, 506 West Burnside Road, Victoria, British Columbia, V8Z 1M5 Canada

Search for more papers by this author
D. B. REDFERN

D. B. REDFERN

The Forestry Authority, Northern Research Station, Roslin, Midlothian, Scotland, EH 25 9SY UK

Search for more papers by this author
First published: October 1994
Citations: 28

Abstract

The extent of colonization by Heterobasidion annosum was measured in 1989 in Sitka spruce stumps that had been inoculated with basidiospores in 1981 and assessed for infection in 1983. Only stumps that had infection in the sapwood in 1983 contained the fungus in 1989. There was a significant positive correlation between the sapwood area colonized in 1983 and the total area colonized in 1989. Between 1983 and 1989, H. annosum spread within the body of stumps and into most primary roots. There were significant correlations between the stump area colonized in 1983 and 1989 and the percentage of stump and root volume colonized in 1989. Roots of 26 excavated stumps were in contact with an average of two roots on each of two living trees. Fourteen roots on eight living trees became infected, and H. annosum spread proximally an average of 126 cm into trees. We believe that this is the first report of the transfer of H. annosum from spruce stumps inoculated with basidiospores to adjacent live trees.